*. 1896– Anglo-Zanzibar War: The shortest war in world history (09:00 to 09:45), between the United Kingdom and Zanzibar.
*. 1921– The British install the son of Sharif Hussein bin Ali(leader of the Arab Revolt of 1916 against the Ottoman Empire) as King FaisalI of Iraq.
*. 1927– Five Canadian women file a petition to the Supreme Court of Canada, asking, "Does the word 'Persons' in Section 24 of the British North America Act, 1867, include female persons?"
*. 1933– The first Afrikaans Bible is introduced during a Bible Festival in Bloemfontein.
*. 1957– Malaysia's constitution comes into force.
*. 1964– South Vietnamese junta leader Nguyễn Khánh enters into a triumvirate power-sharing arrangement with rival generals Trần Thiện Khiêmand Dương Văn Minh, who had both been involved in plots to unseat Khánh.
*. 1971– An attempted coup d'état fails in the African nation of Chad. The Government of Chad accuses Egypt of playing a role in the attempt and breaks off diplomatic relations.
*. 1975– The Governor of Portuguese Timor abandons its capital, Dili, and flees to Atauro Island, leaving control to a rebel group.
*. 1979– A Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb kills British retired admiral Lord Mountbattenand three others while they are boating on holiday in Sligo, Republic of Ireland. Shortly after, 18 British Army soldiers are killed in an ambush near Warren point, Northern Ireland.
*. 1982– Turkish military diplomat Colonel Atilla Altıkat is shot and killed in Ottawa, Canada's capital city. Justice Commandos of the Armenian Genocide claim responsibility, saying they are avenging the massacre of 1.5 million Armenians in the 1915 Armenian Genocide.
*. 1985– The Nigerian government is peacefully overthrown by Army Chief of Staff Major General Ibrahim Babangida.
*. 1991– The European Community recognizes the independence of the Baltic states of Estonia, Latviaand Lithuania.
*.1991 – Moldova declares independence from the USSR.
*. 2006– Comair Flight 5191crashes on takeofffrom Blue Grass Airportin Lexington, Kentuckybound for Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airportin Atlanta. Of the passengers and crew, 49 of 50 are confirmed dead in the hours following the crash.
*. 2009– Internal conflict in Burma: The Burmese military juntaand ethnic armies begin three days of violent clashesin the Kokang Special Region.
*. 2011– Hurricane Irenestrikes the United States east coast, killing 47 and causing an estimated $15.6 billion in damage.
*. 2013– The riots between two religious communities started at Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India