1932 – Tata Airlines (later to become Air India) makes its first flight. 1934 – The Soviet Republic of China collapses when Chiang Kai-shek's National Revolutionary Army successfully encircles Ruijin, forcing the fleeing Communists to begin the Long March. 1939 – The New York Municipal Airport (later renamed LaGuardia Airport) is dedicated. 1940 – The President of Catalonia, Lluís Companys, is executed by the Spanish dictatorship of Francisco Franco, making him the only European president to have been executed. 1951 – Mexican chemist Luis E. Miramontes conducts the very last step of the first synthesis of norethisterone, the progestin that would later be used in one of the first three oral contraceptives. 1954 – Hurricane Hazel devastates the eastern seaboard, killing 95 and causing massive floods as far north as Toronto. As a Category 4 upon landfall, it is the strongest storm on record to strike as far north as North Carolina. 1956 – Fortran, the first modern computer language, is shared with the coding community for the first time. 1965 – Vietnam War: The Catholic Worker Movement stages an anti-war rally in Manhattan including a public burning of a draft card; the first such act to result in arrest under a new amendment to the Selective Service Act. 1970 – Thirty-five construction workers are killed when a section of the new West Gate Bridge in Melbourne collapses. 1970 – The domestic Soviet Aeroflot Flight 244 is hijacked and diverted to Turkey. 1971 – The start of the 2500-year celebration of Iran, celebrating the birth of Persia. 1979 – Black Monday in Malta. The Building of the Times of Malta, the residence of the opposition leader Eddie Fenech Adami and several Nationalist Party clubs are ransacked and destroyed by supporters of the Malta Labour Party. 1987 – The Great Storm of 1987 hits France and England. 1990 – Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to lessen Cold War tensions and open up his nation. 1995 – Marco Campos is killed in an accident in a International Formula 3000 race at the Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours circuit, making him the only driver ever killed in the International Formula 3000 series. 2003 – The Staten Island Ferry boat Andrew J. Barberi runs into a pier at the St. George Ferry Terminal in Staten Island, killing 11 people and injuring 43. 2005 – A riot in Toledo, Ohio breaks out during a National Socialist/Neo-Nazi protest; over 100 are arrested. 2007 – Seventeen activists in New Zealand are arrested in the country's first post 9/11 anti-terrorism raids. 2011 – Global protests break out in 120 cities in 48 countries. 2013 – A 7.2-magnitude earthquake strikes the Philippines, resulting in more than 215 deaths.
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