*. 1931– The Sakurakai, a secret society in the Imperial Japanese Army, launches an abortive coup d'état attempt. *. 1945– Women's suffrage: Women are allowed to vote in France for the first time. *. 1950– Korean War: Heavy fighting begins between British and Australian forces from the 27th British Commonwealth Brigade and the North Korean 239th Regiment during the Battle of Yongju. *. 1956– Mau Mau Uprising: Kenyan rebel leader Dedan Kimathi is captured by the British Army, signalling the ultimate defeat of the rebellion, and essentially ending the British military campaign. *. 1959– In New York City, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, opens to the public. *.1959 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs an executive order transferring Wernher von Braun and other German scientists from the United States Army to NASA. *. 1966– Aberfan disaster: A slag heap collapses on the village of Aberfanin Wales, killing 144 people, mostly school children. *. 1967– Vietnam War: More than 100,000 war protesters gather in Washington, D.C.. A peaceful rally at the Lincoln Memorial is followed by a march to The Pentagon and clashes with soldiers and United States Marshals protecting the facility. Similar demonstrations occurred simultaneously in Japan and Western Europe. *. 1969– A coup d'état in Somalia brings Siad Barre to power and establishes a socialist republic in Somalia. *. 1971– A gas explosion kills 22 people at a shopping center in Clarkston, East Renfrewshire, near Glasgow, Scotland. *. 1973– John Paul Getty III's ear is cut off by his kidnappers and sent to a newspaper in Rome; it doesn't arrive until November 8. *.1973 – Fred Dryer of the then Los Angeles Rams becomes the first player in NFL history to score two safeties in the same game. *. 1978– Australian civilian pilot Frederick Valentich vanishes in a Cessna 182 over the Bass Strait south of Melbourne, after reporting contact with an unidentified aircraft. *. 1979– Moshe Dayan resigns from the Israeli government because of strong disagreements with Prime Minister Menachem Beginover policy towards the Arabs. *. 1981– Andreas Papandreou becomes Prime Minister of Greece, ending an almost 50-year-long system of power dominated by conservative forces. *. 1986– In Lebanon, pro- Iran kidnappers claim to have abducted American writer Edward Tracy (he is released in August 1991). *. 1987– Jaffna hospital massacre is carried out by Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka killing 70 ethnic Tamil patients, doctors and nurses. *.1994 – In Seoul, 32 people are killed when the Seongsu Bridge collapses. *. 2012– A shooting at a spa in Brookfield, Wiscons in, leaves four people dead, including the shooter. *. 2013– Record smog closes schools, roadways, and the airport in Harbin, China.
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