#October 5 Today In History

*. 1877– Chief Joseph surrenders his Nez Perceband to General Nelson A. Miles.
*. 1895– The first individual time trial for racing cyclists is held on a 50-mile course north of London.
*. 1903– Sir Samuel Griffith is appointed the first Chief Justice of Australia and Sir Edmund Barton and Richard O'Connorare appointed as foundation justices.
*. 1910– In a revolution in Portugal the monarchy is overthrown and a republic is declared.
*. 1936– The Jarrow March sets off for London.
*. 1938– In Nazi Germany, Jews' passports are invalidated, and those who needed a passport for emigration purposes are given one marked with the letter J (Jude – Jew).
*. 1943– Ninety-eight American POW's are executed by Japanese forces on Wake Island.
*. 1944– Royal Canadian Air Force pilots shoot down the first German jet fighter over France.
*.1944 – Suffrage is extended to women in France.
*. 1945– Hollywood Black Friday: A six-month strike by Hollywood set decorators turns into a bloody riot at the gates of Warner Brothers' studios.
*. 1947– The first televised White House address is given by U.S. President Harry S. Truman.
*. 1948– The 1948 Ashgabat earthquake kills 110,000.
*. 1953– The first documented recovery meeting of Narcotics Anonymous is held.
*. 1955– Disneyland Hotel opens to the public in Anaheim, California.
*. 1962– Dr. No, the first in the James Bond film series, is released.
*. 1966– Near Detroit, Michigan, there is a partial core meltdown at the Enrico Fermi demonstration nuclear breeder reactor.
*. 1968– Police baton civil rights demonstrators in Derry, Northern Ireland– considered to mark the beginning of The Troubles.
*. 1969– The first episode of Monty Python's Flying Circus airs on BBC One.
*. 1970– The Public Broadcasting Service(PBS) is founded.
*.1970 – Montreal: British Trade Commissioner James Cross is kidnapped by members of the FLQ terrorist group, triggering the October Crisis.
*. 1973– Signature of the European Patent Convention.
*. 1974– Guildford pub bombings: bombs planted by the Provisional Irish Republican Army(IRA) kill four British soldiers and one civilian.
*. 1975– Operation Primicia: terrorist attack against a Military Regiment at Formosa, Argentina.
*. 1982– Chicago Tylenol murders: Johnson & Johnson initiates a nationwide product recall in the United States for all products in its Tylenol brand after several bottles in Chicago are found to have been laced with cyanide, resulting in seven deaths.
*. 1984– Marc Garneau becomes the first Canadian in space, aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger.
*. 1986– Israeli secret nuclear weapons are revealed. The British newspaper The Sunday Times runs Mordechai Vanunu's story on its front page under the headline: "Revealed — the secrets of Israel's nuclear arsenal".
*.1988 – The Brazilian Constitutionis ratified by the Constituent Assembly.
*. 1990– After one hundred and fifty years The Herald broadsheet newspaper in Melbourne, Australia, is published for the last time as a separate newspaper.
*. 1991– An Indonesian military transport crashes after takeoff from Jakarta killing 137.
*.1991 – The first official version of the Linux kernel, version 0.02, is released.
*. 1999– The Ladbroke Grove rail crash in west London kills 31 people.
*. 2000– Mass demonstrations in Belgrade lead to resignation of Serbian strongman Slobodan Milošević. These demonstrations are often called the Bulldozer Revolution.
*. 2011– In the Mekong River massacre, two Chinese cargo boats are hijacked and 13 crew members murdered in the lawless Golden Triangle region of Southeast Asia.

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