*. 1912– The Helsinki Stock Exchange sees its first transaction.
*. 1919– KLM, the flag carrier of the Netherlands, is founded. It is the oldest airline still operating under its original name.
*. 1924– Andreas Michalakopoulos becomes Prime Minister of Greece for a short period of time.
*. 1929– Photios II becomes Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople.
*. 1933– Air France is inaugurated, after being formed by a merger of 5 French airlines.
*. 1949– The communist German Democratic Republic(East Germany) is formed.
*.1950 – Mother Teresa build an order called Missionary of Charity
*. 1955– American poet Allen Ginsberg performs his poem Howl for the first time at the Six Gallery in San Francisco.
*. 1958– President of Pakistan Iskander Mirza, with the support of General Ayub Khan and the army, suspends the 1956 constitution, imposes martial law, and cancels the elections scheduled for January 1959.
*.1958 – The U.S. manned space-flight project is renamed Project Mercury.
*. 1959– U.S.S.R.probe Luna 3 transmits the first ever photographs of the far side of the Moon.
*. 1960– Nigeria joins the United Nations.
*. 1963– John F. Kennedy signs the ratification of the Partial Test Ban Treaty.
*. 1971– Oman joins the United Nations.
*. 1976– Hua Guofeng becomes Mao Zedong's successor as chairman of Communist Party of China, following the latter's death barely a month earlier.
*. 1977– The adoption of the Fourth Soviet Constitution.
*. 1985– The Achille Lauro is hijacked by Palestine Liberation Front.
*.1985 – The Mameyes landslide kills close to 300 in the worst landslide in North American history.
*. 1987– Sikh nationalists declares the independence of Khalistan from India; it is not internationally recognized.
*. 1993– The flood of '93 ends at St. Louis, Missouri, 103 days after it began, as the Mississippi Riverfalls below flood stage.
*. 1996– The Fox News Channel begins broadcasting.
*. 1998– Matthew Shepard, a gay student at the University of Wyoming, is found tied to a fence after being savagely beaten by two young adults in Laramie, Wyoming.
*. 2001– The Global War on Terrorism begins as a result of the September 11 attacks. The U.S. invasion of Afghanistan initiates with an air assault and covert operations on the ground.
*. 2003– The governor of California, Gray Davis, is recalled in favor of Arnold Schwarzenegger.