619 – A qaghan of the Western Turkic Khaganate is assassinated in a Chinese palace by Eastern Turkic rivals after the approval of Tang emperor Gaozu.
1410 – The Peace of Bicêtre suspends hostilities in the Armagnac–Burgundian Civil War.
1675 – Plymouth Colony governor Josiah Winslow leads a colonial militia against the Narragansett during King Philip's War. 1795 – The French Directory, a five-man revolutionary government, is created. 1868 – Time zone: New Zealand officially adopts a standard time to be observed nationally. 1882 – Oulu, Finland is devastated by the Great Oulu Fire of 1882. 1889 – North and South Dakota are admitted as the 39th and 40th U.S. states. 1890 – Formal and official founding of the Uddevalla Suffrage Association. 1895 – The first gasoline-powered race in the United States; first prize is $2,000. 1898 – Cheerleading is started at the University of Minnesota with Johnny Campbell leading the crowd in cheering on the football team. 1899 – The Boers begin their 118-day siege of British-held Ladysmith during the Second Boer War. 1909 – Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity is founded at Boston University. 1912 – Bulgaria defeats the Ottoman empire in the Battle of Lule Burgas, the bloodiest battle of the First Balkan War, which opens her way to Constantinople. 1914 – World War I: The Russian Empire declares war on the Ottoman Empire and the Dardanelles are subsequently closed. 1917 – The Balfour Declaration proclaims British support for the "establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people" with the clear understanding "that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities". 1917 – The Military Revolutionary Committee of the Petrograd Soviet, in charge of preparation and carrying out the Russian Revolution, holds its first meeting. 1920 – In the United States, KDKA of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania starts broadcasting as the first commercial radio station. The first broadcast is the result of the United States presidential election, 1920. 1920 – Adam Martin Wyant became the first former professional American football player to be elected to the United States Congress. 1930 – Haile Selassie is crowned emperor of Ethiopia. 1936 – The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation is established. 1936 – The British Broadcasting Corporation initiates the BBC Television Service, the world's first regular, "high-definition" (then defined as at least 200 lines) service. Renamed BBC1 in 1964, the channel still runs to this day. 1940 – World War II: First day of Battle of Elaia–Kalamas between the Greeks and the Italians. 1947 – In California, designer Howard Hughes performs the maiden (and only) flight of the Spruce Goose or H-4 The Hercules; the largest fixed-wing aircraft ever built. 1949 – The Dutch–Indonesian Round Table Conference ends with the Netherlands agreeing to transfer sovereignty of the Dutch East Indies to the United States of Indonesia. 1951 – Korean War: A small platoon of 28 Canadian soldiers defend a vital area against an entire battalion of 800 Chinese troops in the Battle of the Song-gok Spur. The engagement lasts into the early hours of November 3. 1953 – The Constituent Assembly of Pakistan names the country The Islamic Republic of Pakistan. 1957 – The Levelland UFO Case in Levelland, Texas, generates national publicity. 1959 – Quiz show scandals: Twenty One game show contestant Charles Van Doren admits to a Congressional committee that he had been given questions and answers in advance. 1959 – The first section of the M1 motorway, the first inter-urban motorway in the United Kingdom, is opened between the present junctions 5 and 18, along with the M10 motorway and M45 motorway. 1960 – Penguin Books is found not guilty of obscenity in the trial R v Penguin Books Ltd., the Lady Chatterley's Lover case. 1963 – South Vietnamese President Ngô Đình Diệm is assassinated following a military coup. 1964 – King Saud of Saudi Arabia is deposed by a family coup, and replaced by his half-brother Faisal. 1965 – Norman Morrison, a 31-year-old Quaker, sets himself on fire in front of the river entrance to the Pentagon to protest the use of napalm in the Vietnam war. 1966 – The Cuban Adjustment Act comes into force, allowing 123,000 Cubans the opportunity to apply for permanent residence in the United States. 1967 – Vietnam War: US President Lyndon B. Johnson and "The Wise Men" conclude that the American people should be given more optimistic reports on the progress of the war. 1973 – The Communist Party of India (Marxist) and the Communist Party of India form a 'United Front' in the state of Tripura. 1974 – 78 die when the Time Go-Go Club in Seoul, South Korea burns down. Six of the victims jumped to their deaths from the seventh floor after a club official barred the doors after the fire started. 1977 – South Ockendon Windmill, a smock mill at South Ockendon, Essex, England collapsed. 1982 – Channel 4 is launched in the United Kingdom. 1983 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs a bill creating Martin Luther King, Jr. Day. 1984 – Capital punishment: Velma Barfield becomes the first woman executed in the United States since 1962. 1988 – The Morris worm, the first Internet-distributed computer worm to gain significant mainstream media attention, is launched from MIT. 1990 – British Satellite Broadcasting and Sky Television plc merge to form BSkyB as a result of massive losses. 2000 – The first resident crew to the ISS docked with their Soyuz TM-31 spacecraft. 2007 – 50,000–100,000 people demonstrate against the Georgian government in Tbilisi. 2014 – A suicide attack killed 60 at Wagah.