#March26 : Today In History

590 – Emperor Maurice proclaims his son Theodosius as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire. 1027 – Pope John XIX crowns Conrad II as Holy Roman Emperor. 1169 – Saladin becomes the emir of Egypt. 1344 – The Siege of Algeciras, one of the first European military engagements where gunpowder was used, comes to an end. 1351 – Combat of the Thirty : Thirty Breton Knights call out and defeat thirty English Knights. 1484 – William Caxton prints his translation of Aesop's Fables. 1552 – Guru Amar Das becomes the Third Sikh guru. 1636 – Utrecht University is founded in the Netherlands. 1812 – An earthquake destroys Caracas, Venezuela. 1812 – A political cartoon in the Boston Gazette coins the term "gerrymander" to describe oddly shaped electoral districts designed to help incumbents win reelection. 1830 – The Book of Mormon is published in Palmyra, New York. 1839 – The first Henley Royal Regatta is held. 1881 – Thessaly is freed and becomes part of Greece again. 1885 – The Métis people of the District of Saskatchewan under Louis Riel begin the North-West Rebellion against Canada. 1913 – Balkan Wars: Bulgarian forces capture Adrianople. 1915 – Ice hockey: The Vancouver Millionaires sweep the Ottawa Senators three-games-to-none to win the 1915 Stanley Cup Finals, the first championship played between the Pacific Coast Hockey Association and the National Hockey Association. 1917 – World War I: First Battle of Gaza – British troops are halted after 17,000 Turks block their advance. 1922 – The German Social Democratic Party is founded in Poland. 1931 – Swissair is founded as the national airline of Switzerland. 1931 – Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union is founded in Vietnam. 1934 – The United Kingdom driving test is introduced. 1939 – Spanish Civil War: Nationalists begin their final offensive of the war. 1942 – World War II: The first female prisoners arrive at Auschwitz concentration camp in German-occupied Poland. 1945 – World War II: The Battle of Iwo Jima ends as the island is officially secured by American forces. 1954 – Nuclear weapons testing: The Romeo shot of Operation Castle is detonated at Bikini Atoll. Yield: 11 megatons. 1958 – The United States Army launches Explorer 3. 1958 – The African Regroupment Party is launched at a meeting in Paris. 1967 – Ten thousand people gather for one of many Central Park be-ins in New York City 1970 – South Vietnamese President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu implements a land reform program to solve the problem of land tenancy 1971 – East Pakistan declares its independence from Pakistan to form the People's Republic of Bangladesh and the Bangladesh Liberation War begins. 1975 – The Biological Weapons Convention comes into force. 1978 – Four days before the scheduled opening of Japan's Narita International Airport, protesters destroy much of the equipment in the control tower with Molotov cocktails. 1979 – Anwar al-Sadat, Menachem Begin and Jimmy Carter sign the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty in Washington, D.C. 1981 – Social Democratic Party (UK) founded as a party. 1982 – A groundbreaking ceremony for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial is held in Washington, D.C.. 1991 – Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay sign the Treaty of Asunción, establishing Mercosur, the South Common Market. 1991 – Five South Korean boys, nicknamed the Frog Boys, disappear while hunting for frogs and are murdered in a case that remains unsolved. 1991 – Local self-government is restored after three decades of centralized control in South Korea. 1995 – The Schengen Treaty comes into effect. 1997 – Thirty-nine bodies are found in the Heaven's Gate mass suicides. 1998 – Oued Bouaicha massacre in Algeria: Fifty-two people are killed with axes and knives, 32 of them children under the age of two. 1999 – The "Melissa worm" infects Microsoft word processing and e-mail systems around the world. 1999 – A jury in Michigan finds Dr. Jack Kevorkian guilty of second-degree murder for administering a lethal injection to a terminally ill man. 2005 – The Taiwanese government calls on one million Taiwanese to demonstrate in Taipei, in opposition to the Anti-Secession Law of the People's Republic of China. Around 200,000 to 300,000 attend the demonstration. 2010 – The ROKS Cheonan sinks off the west coast of South Korea near Baengnyeong Island in the Yellow Sea, killing 46 seamen. 2014 – A massive fire breaks out in Back Bay, Boston killing 2 firefighters and injuring at least 18 people

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