#January11 : 39 Things that happened today in History

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  1. 532 – Nika riots in Constantinople: A quarrel between supporters of different char Greens—in the Hippodrome escalates into violence.
  2. 1055 – Theodora is crowned Empress of the Byzantine Empire.
  3. 1158 – Vladislaus II, Duke of Bohemia becomes King of Bohemia.
  4. 1569 – First recorded lottery in England.
  5. 1571 – Austrian nobility is granted freedom of religion.
  6. 1693 – A powerful earthquake destroys parts of Sicily and Malta.
  7. 1759 – In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the first American life insurance company is incorporated.
  8. 1779 – Ching-Thang Khomba is crowned King of Manipur.
  9. 1787 – William Herschel discovers Titania and Oberon, two moons of Uranus.
  10. 1805 – The Michigan Territory is created.
  11. 1861 – Alabama secedes from the United States.
  12. 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Arkansas Post: General John McClernand and Admiral David Dixon Porter capture the Arkansas River for the Union.
  13. 1863 – American Civil War: CSS Alabama encounters and sinks the USS Hatteras off Galveston Lighthouse in Texas.
  14. 1879 – The Anglo-Zulu War begins.
  15. 1908 – Grand Canyon National Monument is created.
  16. 1912 – Immigrant textile works in Lawrence, Massachusetts, go on strike when wages are reduced in response to a mandated shortening of the work week.
  17. 1917 – The Kingsland munitions factory explosion occurs as a result of sabotage.
  18. 1922 – First use of insulin to treat diabetes in a human patient.
  19. 1923 – Occupation of the Ruhr: Troops from France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr area to force Germany to make its World War I reparation payments.
  20. 1927 – Louis B. Mayer, head of film studio Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), announces the creation of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, at a banquet in Los Angeles, California.
  21. 1935 – Amelia Earhart becomes the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to California.
  22. 1942 – World War II: The Japanese capture Kuala Lumpur.
  23. 1942 – World War II: The Japanese attack Tarakan in Borneo, Netherlands Indies (Battle of Tarakan)
  24. 1943 – The Republic of China agrees to the Sino-British New Equal Treaty and the Sino-American New Equal Treaty.
  25. 1943 – Italian-American anarchist Carlo Tresca is assassinated in New York City.
  26. 1946 – Enver Hoxha, Secretary General of the Communist Party of Albania, declares the People's Republic of Albania with himself as head of state.
  27. 1949 – The first "networked" television broadcasts took place as KDKA-TV in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania goes on the air connecting the east coast and mid-west programming.
  28. 1957 – The African Convention is founded in Dakar, Senegal.
  29. 1962 – Cold War: While tied to its pier in Polyarny, the Soviet submarine B-37 is destroyed when fire breaks out in its torpedo compartment.
  30. 1962 – An avalanche on Huascarán in Peru causes around 4,000 deaths.
  31. 1964 – Surgeon General of the United States Dr. Luther Terry, M.D., publishes the landmark report Smoking and Health: Report of the Advisory Committee to the Surgeon General of the United States saying that smoking may be hazardous to health, sparking national and worldwide anti-smoking efforts.
  32. 1972 – East Pakistan renames itself Bangladesh.
  33. 1973 – Major League Baseball owners vote in approval of the American League adopting the designated hitter position.
  34. 1986 – The Gateway Bridge, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia is officially opened.
  35. 1994 – The Irish Government announces the end of a 15-year broadcasting ban on the IRA and its political arm Sinn Féin.
  36. 1996 – Space Shuttle program: STS-72 launches from the Kennedy Space Center marking the start of the 74th Space Shuttle mission and the 10th flight of Endeavour.
  37. 1998 – Over 100 people are killed in the Sidi-Hamed massacre in Algeria.
  38. 2003 – Illinois Governor George Ryan commutes the death sentences of 167 prisoners on Illinois's death row based on the Jon Burge scandal.
  39. 2013 – One French soldier and 17 militants are killed in a failed attempt to free a French hostage in Bulo Marer, Somalia.

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