February 1 : Today in History ( 50 things that happened today)

  1. 481 – Vandal king Huneric organises a conference between Catholic and Arian bishops at Carthage.
  2. 1327 – Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer.
  3. 1329 – King John of Bohemia captures Medvėgalis, an important fortress of the pagan Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and baptizes 6,000 of its defenders
  4. 1411 – The First Peace of Thorn is signed in Thorn, Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights (Prussia).
  5. 1662 – The Chinese general Koxinga seizes the island of Taiwan after a nine-month siege.
  6. 1713 – The Kalabalik or Tumult in Bendery results from the Ottoman sultan's order that his unwelcome guest, King Charles XII of Sweden, be seized.
  7. 1793 – French Revolutionary Wars: France declares war on the United Kingdom and the Netherlands.
  8. 1796 – The capital of Upper Canada is moved from Newark to York.
  9. 1814 – Mayon Volcano in the Philippines erupts, killing around 1,200 people, the most devastating eruption of the volcano.
  10. 1835 – Slavery is abolished in Mauritius.
  11. 1861 – American Civil War: Texas secedes from the United States.
  12. 1865 – President Abraham Lincoln signs the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
  13. 1884 – The first volume (A to Ant) of the Oxford English Dictionary is published.
  14. 1893 – Thomas A. Edison finishes construction of the first motion picture studio, the Black Maria in West Orange, New Jersey.
  15. 1895 – Fountains Valley, Pretoria, the oldest nature reserve in Africa, is proclaimed by President Paul Kruger.
  16. 1897 – Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opens in Seoul.
  17. 1908 – King Carlos I of Portugal and his son, Prince Luis Filipe, are killed in Terreiro do Paço, Lisbon.
  18. 1918 – Russia adopts the Gregorian calendar.
  19. 1924 – The United Kingdom recognizes the USSR.
  20. 1942 – World War II: Josef Terboven, Reichskommissar of German-occupied Norway, appoints Vidkun Quisling the Minister President of the National Government.
  21. 1942 – World War II: U.S. Navy conducts Marshalls–Gilberts raids, the first offensive action by the United States against Japanese forces in the Pacific Theater.
  22. 1942 – Voice of America, the official external radio and television service of the United States government, begins broadcasting with programs aimed at areas controlled by the Axis powers.
  23. 1946 – Trygve Lie of Norway is picked to be the first United Nations Secretary-General.
  24. 1946 – The Parliament of Hungary abolishes the monarchy after nine centuries, and proclaims the Hungarian Republic.
  25. 1953 – North Sea flood of 1953 was caused by a heavy storm which occurred overnight, 31 January-1 February 1953. The floods struck the Netherlands, Belgium and the U.K.
  26. 1960 – Four black students stage the first of the Greensboro sit-ins at a lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina.
  27. 1964 – The Beatles have their first number one hit in the United States with "I Want to Hold Your Hand".
  28. 1965 – The Hamilton River in Labrador, Canada is renamed the Churchill River in honour of Winston Churchill.
  29. 1968 – Vietnam War: The execution of Viet Cong officer Nguyễn Văn Lém by South Vietnamese National Police Chief Nguyễn Ngọc Loan is videotaped and photographed by Eddie Adams.
  30. 1968 – Canada's three military services, the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army and the Royal Canadian Air Force, are unified into the Canadian Forces.
  31. 1968 – The New York Central Railroad and the Pennsylvania Railroad are merged to form Penn Central Transportation.
  32. 1972 – Kuala Lumpur becomes a city by a royal charter granted by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.
  33. 1974 – A fire in the 25-story Joelma Building in São Paulo, Brazil kills 189 and injures 293.
  34. 1979 – Iranian Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns to Tehran after nearly 15 years of exile.
  35. 1981 – The Underarm bowling incident of 1981 occurred when Trevor Chappell bowls underarm on the final delivery of a game between Australia and New Zealand at the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG).
  36. 1982 – Senegal and the Gambia form a loose confederation known as Senegambia.
  37. 1989 – The Western Australian towns of Kalgoorlie and Boulder amalgamate to form the City of Kalgoorlie–Boulder.
  38. 1990 – Humanitas publishing house is founded in Bucharest, shortly after the Romanian Revolution, by the philosopher Gabriel Liiceanu.
  39. 1991 – A runway collision between USAir Flight 1493 and SkyWest Flight 5569 at Los Angeles International Airport results in the deaths of 34 people, and injuries to 30 others.
  40. 1992 – The Chief Judicial Magistrate of Bhopal court declares Warren Anderson, ex-CEO of Union Carbide, a fugitive under Indian law for failing to appear in the Bhopal disaster case.
  41. 1996 – The Communications Decency Act is passed by the U.S. Congress.
  42. 1998 – Rear Admiral Lillian E. Fishburne becomes the first female African American to be promoted to rear admiral.
  43. 2002 – Daniel Pearl, American journalist and South Asia Bureau Chief of the Wall Street Journal, kidnapped January 23, 2002, is beheaded and mutilated by his captors.
  44. 2003 – Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrated during the reentry of mission STS-107 into the Earth's atmosphere, killing all seven astronauts aboard.
  45. 2004 – Hajj pilgrimage stampede: In a stampede at the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia, 251 people are trampled to death and 244 injured.
  46. 2005 – King Gyanendra of Nepal carries out a coup d'état to capture the democracy, becoming Chairman of the Councils of ministers.
  47. 2009 – The first cabinet of Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir was formed in Iceland, making her the country's first female prime minister and the world's first openly LGBT head of government.
  48. 2010 – Suicide bombing in Baghdad occurs.
  49. 2012 – At least 72 people are killed and over 500 injured as a result of clashes between fans of Egyptian football teams Al-Masry and Al-Ahly in the city of Port Said.
  50. 2013 – The Shard, the tallest building in the European Union, is opened to the public.

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