*. 1931– France and the Soviet Union sign a treaty of non-aggression.
*. 1937– Toyota Motors becomes an independent company.
*. 1943– World War II: In Denmark, a general strike against the Nazi occupation starts.
*. 1944– World War II: Marseille and Toulon are liberated.
*. 1953– Nippon Television broadcasts Japan's first television show, including its first TV advertisement.
*. 1955– Black teenager Emmett Till is brutally murdered in Mississippi, galvanizing the nascent American Civil Rights Movement.
*. 1957– U.S. Senator Strom Thurmond begins a filibuster to prevent the Senate from voting on Civil Rights Act of 1957; he stopped speaking 24 hours and 18 minutes later, the longest filibuster ever conducted by a single Senator.
*. 1963– March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom: The Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr.gives his 'I Have a Dream speech'
*.1963 – Emily Hoffert and Janice Wylie are murdered in their Manhattan apartment, prompting the events that would lead to the passing of the Miranda Rights.
*.1963 – The Evergreen Point Bridge, the longest floating bridge in the world, opens between Seattle and Medina, Washington, US.
*. 1964– The Philadelphia race riot begins.
*. 1968– Riots in Chicago, Illinois, during the Democratic National Convention.
*. 1979– An IRA bomb explodes at the Grote Marktin Brussels.
*. 1988– Ramstein airshow disaster: Three aircraft of the Frecce Tricolori demonstration team collide and the wreckage falls into the crowd. Seventy-five are killed and 346 seriously injured.
*. 1990– Iraq declares Kuwait to be its newest province.
*.1990 – An F5 tornado strikes the Illinois cities of Plainfield and Joliet, killing 29 people.
*. 1996– Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales divorce.
*. 1998– Pakistan's National Assembly passes a constitutional amendment to make the " Qur'anand Sunnah" the "supreme law" but the bill is defeated in the Senate.
*.1998 – Second Congo War: Loyalist troops backed by Angolan and Zimbabwean forces repulse the RCD and Rwandan offensive on Kinshasa.
*. 2003– An electricity blackoutcuts off power to around 500,000 people living in south east England and brings 60% of London's underground rail network to a halt.