*. 1942– Holocaust in Letychiv, Ukraine. In the course of two days the German SS murders at least 3,000 Jews.
*. 1946– The first Cannes Film Festivalis held, having been delayed seven years due to World War II.
*. 1961– Greek general Konstantinos Dovas becomes Prime Minister of Greece.
*. 1962– James Meredith, an African American, is temporarily barred from entering the University of Mississippi.
*. 1971– Having weakened after making landfall in Nicaragua the previous day, Hurricane Irenere gains enough strength to be renamed Hurricane Olivia, making it the first known hurricane to cross from the Atlantic Ocean into the Pacific.
*. 1973– Billie Jean King beats Bobby Riggs in the Battle of the Sexes tennis match at the Houston Astrodome.
*. 1977– The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is admitted to the United Nations.
*. 1979– A coup d'étatin the Central African Empire overthrows Emperor Bokasa I.
*. 1982– The National Football League players begin a 57-day strike.
*. 1984– A suicide bomber in a car attacks the U.S. embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, killing twenty-two people.
*. 1985– Capital gains tax is introduced in Australia, one of a number of tax reforms by the Hawke/Keating government.
*. 1990– South Ossetia declares its independence from Georgia.
*. 2000– The United Kingdom's MI6 Secret Intelligence Service building is attacked by individuals using a Russian-built RPG-22anti-tank missile. The perpetrators remain unidentified.
*. 2001– In an address to a joint session of Congress and the American people, U.S. President George W. Bushdeclares a " War on Terror".
*. 2003– Maldives civil unrest: the death of prisoner Hassan Evan Naseem sparks a day of rioting in Malé.
*. 2007– Between 15,000 and 20,000 protesters marched on Jena, Louisiana, in support of six black youths who had been convicted of assaulting a white classmate.
*. 2008– A dump truck full of explosives detonates in front of the Marriott hotel in Islamabad, Pakistan, killing 54 people and injuring 266 others.
*. 2011– The United States military ends its " don't ask, don't tell" policy, allowing gay men and women to serve openly for the first time.