#September9 Today in History

*. 1923– Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey, founds the Republican People's Party.
*. 1924– Hanapepe massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii.
*. 1926– In the United States the National Broadcasting Company is formed.
*. 1945– Second Sino-Japanese War: The Empire of Japanformally surrenders to China.
*. 1947– First case of a computer bug being found: a moth lodges in a relay of a Harvard Mark II computer at Harvard University.
*. 1948– Kim Il-sung declares the establishment of the Democratic  People's Republic of Korea
*. 1953– Brigadier General (retired)Mohamed Buba Marwa was born in Kaduna. Marwa, as a military officer, served as Military Governor of both Borno and Lagos states.
*.1965 – Hurricane Betsymakes its second landfall near New Orleans, leaving 76 dead and $1.42 billion ($10–12 billion in 2005 dollars) in damages, becoming the first hurricane to cause over $1 billion in unadjusted damage.
*. 1966– The National Traffic and Motor  Vehicle Safety Actis signed into law by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.
*. 1969– Allegheny Airlines Flight 853 DC-9collides in flight with a Piper  PA-28and crashes near Fairland, Indiana.
*.1969 – In Canada, the Official  Languages Act comes into force, making Frenchequal to Englishthroughout the Federal government.
*. 1970– A British airliner is hijacked by the Popular Front for the Liberation of  Palestineand flown to Dawson's Fieldin Jordan.
*. 1971– The four-day Attica Prison riot begins, eventually resulting in 39 dead, most killed by state troopers retaking the prison.
*. 1972– In Kentucky's Mammoth Cave  National Park, a Cave Research Foundation exploration and mapping team discovers a link between the Mammoth and Flint Ridge cave systems, making it the longest known cave passageway in the world.
*. 1990– 1990 Batticaloa massacre, massacre of 184 minority Tamil civilians by Sri Lankan Army in the eastern Batticaloa District of Sri Lanka.
*. 1991– Tajikistan declares independence from the Soviet Union.
*. 1993– The Palestine Liberation  Organization officially recognizes Israel as a legitimate state.
*. 1999– Sega releases the first 128-bit video game console, the Dreamcast.
*. 2001– Ahmad Shah Massoud, leader of the Northern Alliance, is assassinated in Afghanistan by two al-Qaeda assassins who claimed to be Arab journalists wanting an interview.
*.2001 – Pärnu methanol tragedy occurs in Pärnu County, Estonia.
*. 2009– The Dubai Metro, the first urban train network in the Arabian  Peninsula, is ceremonially inaugurated.
*.2012 – A wave of attacks kill more than 100 people and injure 350 others across Iraq


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