*. 1926– Harry Houdini's last performance takes place at the Garrick Theatre in Detroit. *. 1929– " Black Thursday" stock market crash on the New York Stock Exchange. *. 1930– A bloodless coup d'état in Brazil ousts Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, the last President of the First Republic. Getúlio Vargas is then installed as "provisional president." *. 1945– Founding of the United Nations. *. 1947– Famed animator Walt Disney testifies before the House Un-American Activities Committee, naming Disney employees he believes to be communists. *. 1949– The cornerstone of the United Nations Headquarters is laid. *. 1954– Dwight D. Eisenhower pledges United States support to South Vietnam. *. 1960– Nedelin catastrophe: An R-16 ballistic missile explodes on the launch pad at the Soviet Union's Baikonur Cosmodrome space facility, killing over 100. Among the dead is Field Marshal Mitrofan Nedelin, whose death is reported to have occurred in a plane crash. *. 1964– Northern Rhodesia gains independence from the United Kingdom and becomes the Republic of Zambia( Southern Rhodesia remained a colony until the next year, with the Unilateral Declaration of Independence). *. 1977– Veterans Day is observed on the fourth Monday in October for the seventh and last time. (The holiday is once again observed on November 11beginning the following year.) *. 1980– The government of Poland legalizes the Solidarity trade union. *. 1986– Nezar Hindawi is sentenced to 45 years in prison, the longest sentence handed down by a British court, for the attempted bombing on an El Al flight at Heathrow. After the verdict, the United Kingdom breaks diplomatic relations with Syria, claiming that Hindawi is helped by Syrian officials. *. 1990– Italian prime minister Giulio Andreotti reveals to the Italian parliament the existence of Gladio, the Italian " stay-behind" clandestine paramilitary NATO army, which was implicated in false flag terrorist attacks implicating communists and anarchists as part of the strategy of tension from the late 1960s to early 1980s. *. 2002– Police arrest spree killers John Allen Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo, ending the Beltway sniper attacks in the area around Washington, D.C. *. 2004– Arsenal Football Club loses to Manchester United, ending a row of unbeaten matches at 49 matches, which is the record in the Premier League. *. 2008– " Bloody Friday" saw many of the world's stock exchanges experience the worst declines in their history, with drops of around 10% in most indices.
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