#October 8 Today in History

*. 1932– The Indian Air Force is established.
*. 1952– The Harrow and Wealdstone rail crash kills 112 people.
*. 1962– Spiegel scandal: Der Spiegel publishes the article"Bedingt abwehrbereit"("Conditionally prepared for defense") about a NATO manoeuvre called "Fallex 62", which uncovered the sorry state of the Bundeswehr(Germany's army) facing the communist threat from the east at the time. The magazine is soon accused of treason.
*.1962 – Algeria joins the United Nations.
*. 1967– Guerrilla leader Che Guevara and his men are captured in Bolivia.
*. 1968– Vietnam War: Operation Sealords: United States and South Vietnamese forces launch a new operation in the Mekong Delta.
*. 1969– The opening rally of the Days of Rage occurs, organized by the Weather Underground in Chicago.
*. 1970– Vietnam War: In Paris, a Communist delegation rejects US President Richard Nixon's October 7 peace proposal as "a manoeuvre to deceive world opinion".
*. 1973– Yom Kippur War: Gabi Amir's armored brigade attacks Egyptian occupied positions on the Israeli side of the Suez Canal, in hope of driving them away. The attack fails, and over 150 Israeli tanks are destroyed.
*.1973 – Greek military junta of 1967–74: Junta strongman George Papadopoulos appoints Spyros Markezinis as Prime Minister of Greece with the task to lead Greece to parliamentary rule.
*. 1974– Franklin National Bank collapses due to fraud and mismanagement; at the time it is the largest bank failure in the history of the United States.
*. 1982– Poland bans Solidarity and all trade unions.
*. 1990– Israeli–Palestinian conflict: In Jerusalem, Israeli police kill 17 Palestinians and wound over 100 near the Dome of the Rockmosque on the Temple Mount.
*. 1991– Croatia votes to sever constitutional relations with Yugoslavia, rendering the country fully independent.
*. 2001– A twin engine Cessna and Scandinavian Airlines System(SAS) jetliner collide in heavy fog during takeofffrom Milan, Italy, killing 118 people.
*.2001 – U.S. President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security.
*. 2005– 2005 Kashmir earthquake: Thousands of people are killed by a magnitude 7.6 earthquake in parts of Pakistan, India and Afghanistan.
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