March 27 : Today in History ” 37 Things that happened on this day”

  1. AD 37 – Roman emperor Caligula accepts the titles of the Principate, entitled to him by the Senate.
  2. 193 – Roman Emperor Pertinax is assassinated by Praetorian Guards, who then sell the throne in an auction to Didius Julianus.
  3. 364 – Roman Emperor Valentinian I appoints his brother Flavius Valens co-emperor.
  4. 1566 – The foundation stone of Valletta, Malta's capital city, is laid by Jean Parisot de Valette, Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.
  5. 1776 – Juan Bautista de Anza finds the site for the Presidio of San Francisco.
  6. 1794 – Allies under Prince Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld defeat French forces at Le Cateau.
  7. 1795 – Partitions of Poland: The Duchy of Courland and Semigallia, a northern fief of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, ceases to exist and becomes part of Imperial Russia.
  8. 1801 – Treaty of Florence is signed.
  9. 1802 – Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers discovers 2 Pallas, the second asteroid ever to be discovered.
  10. 1809 – Peninsular War: France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medellín.
  11. 1814 – War of 1812: In the Battle of Valparaíso, two American naval vessels are captured by two Royal Navy vessels of equal strength.
  12. 1842 – First concert of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, founded by Otto Nicolai.
  13. 1854 – Crimean War: France and Britain declare war on Russia.
  14. 1860 – First Taranaki War: The Battle of Waireka begins.
  15. 1862 – American Civil War: In the Battle of Glorieta Pass, Union forces stop the Confederate invasion of the New Mexico Territory. The battle began on March 26.
  16. 1871 – The Paris Commune is formally established in Paris.
  17. 1883 – Tonkin Campaign: French victory in the Battle of Gia Cuc.
  18. 1910 – Henri Fabre becomes the first person to fly a seaplane, the Fabre Hydravion, after taking off from a water runway near Martigues, France.
  19. 1920 – Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1920 affects the Great Lakes region and Deep South states.
  20. 1933 – The Imperial Airways biplane City of Liverpool is believed to be the first airliner lost to sabotage when a passenger sets a fire on board.
  21. 1939 – Spanish Civil War: Generalissimo Francisco Franco conquers Madrid after a three-year siege.
  22. 1941 – World War II: Britain's Mediterranean Fleet sinks three heavy cruisers and two destroyers of Italy's Regia Marina.
  23. 1942 – World War II: A British combined force permanently disables the Louis Joubert Lock in Saint-Nazaire in order to keep the German battleship Tirpitz away from the mid-ocean convoy lanes.
  24. 1946 – Cold War: The United States Department of State releases the Acheson–Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power.
  25. 1951 – First Indochina War: In the Battle of Mạo Khê, French Union forces, led by World War II hero Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, inflict a defeat on Việt Minh forces commanded by General Võ Nguyên Giáp.
  26. 1959 – The State Council of the People's Republic of China dissolves the government of Tibet.
  27. 1968 – Brazilian high school student Edson Luís de Lima Souto is killed by military police at a protest for cheaper meals at a restaurant for low-income students.
  28. 1969 – Greek poet and Nobel Prize laureate Giorgos Seferis makes a famous statement on the BBC World Service opposing the junta in Greece.
  29. 1970 – An earthquake strikes western Turkey at about 23:05 local time, killing 1,086 and injuring 1,260.
  30. 1978 – The US Supreme Court hands down 5–3 decision in Stump v. Sparkman, a controversial case involving involuntary sterilization and judicial immunity.
  31. 1979 – A coolant leak at the Three Mile Island's Unit 2 nuclear reactor outside Harrisburg, Pennsylvania leads to the core overheating and a partial meltdown.
  32. 1990 – United States President George H. W. Bush posthumously awards Jesse Owens the Congressional Gold Medal.
  33. 1994 – In South Africa, African National Congress security guards kill dozens of Inkatha Freedom Party protesters.
  34. 1999 – Kosovo War: Serb paramilitary and military forces kill 146 Kosovo Albanians in Izbica.
  35. 2003 – In a friendly fire incident, two American A-10 Thunderbolt II aircraft attack British tanks participating in the 2003 invasion of Iraq, killing one soldier.
  36. 2005 – An earthquake shakes northern Sumatra with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong), leaving 915–1,314 people dead and 340–1,146 injured.
  37. 2006 – Massive protests are mounted against France's First Employment Contract law, meant to reduce youth unemployment.

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